Hydrophilic-lipophilic balance as predictor of mucus coating with barium sulfate

Gastrointestinal Radiology
E SalomonowitzS Meryn


In order to improve barium coating of the mucus layer covering the alimentary tract, various surface active substances are added to commercially available contrast media. The action of additives can be expressed in part by their hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB). In an experimental study using human colonic mucus and barium sulfate USP, surfactants of varying HLB (range, 3-11) were used to study the range of HLB resulting in optimal coating. The best coating occurred with an HLB of 7. Quality of coating may be predicted based on knowledge of the HLB of various surface active additives.


Jan 1, 1978·Digestion·J F Forstner
Aug 1, 1977·The British Journal of Radiology·R D BagnallJ A Annis
Jan 1, 1977·Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology·A SilberbergR A Gelman
Aug 1, 1972·Gut·A Allen, D Snary
Aug 16, 1983·Carbohydrate Research·H WitasB L Slomiany
May 1, 1982·AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology·D W Gelfand, D J Ott
Nov 1, 1980·Investigative Radiology·H W Fischer
Dec 1, 1980·The British Journal of Radiology·W AndersonD Montgomery


Dec 21, 2006·Academic Radiology·Stacy D O'Connor, Ronald M Summers

Related Concepts

Barium Sulfate (2: 1)
Taenia Coli
Structure of Intestinal Gland
Mucous Body Substance

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Laryngeal Neoplasms

Laryngeal Neoplasms occur in the Larynx and are typically associated with smoking and alcohol consumption. Discover the latest research on Laryngeal Neoplasms here.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.