Hymenolepis diminuta: interactions of the isolated brush border membrane with proteolytic enzymes

Experimental Parasitology
P W Pappas

Abstract

Proteins of the isolated brush border membrane of Hymenolepis diminuta were hydrolyzed in vitro by chymotrypsin, papain, pepsin, subtilopeptidase A (= subtilisin Carlsberg), and trypsin. Neither proteolytic nor amidase activity was demonstrable in the isolated membrane using proteinaceous (casein and hemoglobin) or chromogenic (benzoyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide and succinyl-alanyl-alanyl-propyl-phenylalanine p-nitroanilide) substrates, and the membrane preparation did not inhibit the proteolytic and amidase activities of these enzymes. Thus, the isolated tegumental membrane of H. diminuta is not inherently resistant to the action of proteolytic enzymes, and it does not inhibit proteolytic activity. In control incubations containing only buffer, the alkaline phosphatase activity of the brush border membrane decreased in a time dependent manner, but in the presence of chymotrypsin, subtilopeptidase A, and trypsin, the membrane retained greater alkaline phosphatase activity (pepsin and papain could not be tested for this effect on alkaline phosphatase activity). A similar time dependent decrease in activity was also noted for each of the proteolytic enzymes in control assays, but subtilopeptidase A and papain retained greater activi...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Alkaline Phosphatase
Metazoa
Hydrolysis
Genus: Hymenolepis
Cell Surface Proteins
Microvilli
Peptide Hydrolases

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