Hyperactive behavior and EEG arousal reactions in children

Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
E Grünewald-ZuberbierA Rasche


EEG arousal reactions and parameters of spontaneous EEG activity were studied in two extreme groups of behavior problem children (11 hyperactives and 11 non-hyperactives), selected on the basis of a rating of motor restlessness the core symptom of the "hyperactivity syndrome". The EEG was recorded in three reaction time experiments: a tone light conditioning paradigm and two series with random stimulation. An automatic analysis of EEG parameters was employed to describe the time functions of alpha amplitudes in the single trial. The main findings are: 1. In periods free from stimulation, hyperactive children have higher alpha and beta amplitudes, more alpha waves and a smaller amount of beta waves. This indicates a lower state of EEG arousal in the hyperactives. 2. The amplitude reduction to tone (in the single trial) develops more slowly in the hyperactive group. This group difference increases over the experimental situations. 3. The arousal responses to tone, in terms of the level of maximum amplitude reduction, become comparably weaker in the hyperactives across the experiments. 4. Under all experimental conditions the hyperactives exhibit shorter arousal responses to the light stimulus than the non-hyperactive children. 5....Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Vigilance, Cortical
Reaction Time
Hyperactive Behavior
Acoustic Stimulation
Hyperkinesia, Generalized
Mental Concentration
Photic Stimulation
Mental Tests
Alpha Rhythm

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