PMID: 13888Jan 1, 1976

Hypercapnia and resultant bicarbonate transfer processes in an elasmobranch fish (Scyliorhinus stellaris)

Bulletin Européen De Physiopathologie Respiratoire
N HeislerA M Weitz

Abstract

In order to test the effects of hypercapnia on the acid-base status of fish, larger spotted dogfish were exposed to sudden changes of PCO2 in a closed seawater recirculation system. pH, PCO2 and PO2 were determined in arterial blood and seawater. The exchange of bicarbonate between extracellular space (ECS), intracellular space (ICS), and seawater (SW) was obtained from changes of the total bicarbonate amount in ECS and SW. After fourfold increase of PCO2 arterial pH fell markedly, but started to recover immediately towards control values. This was caused by compensatory accumulation of bicarbonate in the ECS. According to the origin of the extracellular bicarbonate increase three periods could be distinguished: 1.-- Bicarbonate transferred from ICS to both ECS and SW; 2. -- Bicarbonate transferred from both SW and ICS to ECS; 3. -- Bicarbonate transferred from SW to both ECS and ICS. After return to normocapnia similar periods occurred with opposite transfer directions and delayed period transitions. In the first period the ICS was found to be the only source for compensatory bicarbonate increases and even in the second period the ICS contributed to compensation of the extracellular pH. Thus bicarbonate exchange with the ICS a...Continue Reading

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