Hypertension and sports activities: institutional experience

Clinical Cardiology
M LehmannA Schmid


Findings of 185 patients and 271 control subjects are presented for the assessment of work capacity in hypertensive individuals (primary hypertension); an attempt at classification by hypertensive stage is seen as an essential presupposition. The subdivision into three stages recommended by the Experts' Commission of the WHO places the effects of hypertension on the organism, especially on the heart, in the focal point. This appears justified from a prognostic, pathophysiological, and therapeutic point of view. Hemodynamics in the examined patients undergo increasing impairment in relation to the stage of hypertension with a decrease in maximum cardiac index and work capacity and an increase in myocardial oxygen requirement. Initially, only the diastolic cardiac function is impaired; however, in advanced stages, the systolic function of the heart is impaired as well. Evaluation of work capacity is usually possible from a cardiac point of view by means of noninvasive echocardiographic and spiroergometric methods. The mass/volume ratio of the left cardiac ventricle and the relationship between left ventricular muscle mass (or volume) and work capacity are especially important. Both experience characteristic changes depending on t...Continue Reading


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Jul 21, 2009·The Journal of Clinical Hypertension·John J Leddy, Joseph Izzo
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