Nov 26, 2015

Hypnosis for Acute Procedural Pain: A Critical Review

The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Cassie KendrickGary R Elkins

Abstract

Clinical evidence for the effectiveness of hypnosis in the treatment of acute procedural pain was critically evaluated based on reports from randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs). Results from the 29 RCTs meeting inclusion criteria suggest that hypnosis decreases pain compared to standard care and attention control groups and that it is at least as effective as comparable adjunct psychological or behavioral therapies. In addition, applying hypnosis in multiple sessions prior to the day of the procedure produced the highest percentage of significant results. Hypnosis was most effective in minor surgical procedures. However, interpretations are limited by considerable risk of bias. Further studies using minimally effective control conditions and systematic control of intervention dose and timing are required to strengthen conclusions.

  • References56
  • Citations10

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Standard of Care
Evaluation
Acute Onset Pain
Controlled Clinical Trials, Randomized
Mesmerism
Clinical Trial [Publication Type]
Hypnosis, Anesthetic
Operative Surgical Procedures
Behavior Therapy

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