PMID: 2977426Dec 1, 1988Paper

Hypnotic action of flunitrazepam in the rat: does 5-HT mechanism play a role?

S de St Hilaire-Kafi, J M Gaillard


This study examined whether pharmacological manipulation of serotonergic (5-HT) systems would affect the hypnotic action of flunitrazepam in rats. Flunitrazepam, a potent hypnotic, was used alone or combined with parachlorophenylalanine (pCPA), an inhibitor of the synthesis of 5-HT, 8-OH-DPAT, a 5-HT1A receptor agonist and fluvoxamine, an inhibitor of the reuptake of 5-HT. Flunitrazepam increased the amount of orthodox sleep, the latency of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and decreased the amount of REM sleep. The drug pCPA decreased the total sleep time and the amount of orthodox and REM sleep. Administration of flunitrazepam to pCPA-pretreated rats induced orthodox sleep in an identical way to that found in the controls. The drug 8-OH-DPAT increased wakefulness and the latency of REM sleep. The association of flunitrazepam with 8-OH-DPAT abolished the increase in waking seen after 8-OH-DPAT alone. In contrast, the combined treatment with flunitrazepam and 8-OH-DPAT resulted in a lengthening of the latency of REM sleep significantly greater than that observed with the same dose of each drug alone. Fluvoxamine increased the latency a decrease the amount of REM sleep. The association of fluvoxamine with flunitrazepam induced a de...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Fenclonine, (D)-Isomer
August Rats
Serotonin Antagonists
Sleep, Slow-Wave
8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin, (S)-Isomer

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.