Hypnotic involuntariness and the automaticity of everyday life

The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
I Kirsch, S J Lynn

Abstract

We present a new theory of hypnotic involuntariness based on an integration and extension of recent social and cognitive theories on the automaticity of mundane, intentional behavior. According to this model, experiences of volition and involuntariness-in and out of hypnosis-are constructions or interpretations made possible by the high degree of automaticity that is a characteristic of all complex behavior, including novel behavior. Suggested nonvolitional behaviors are intentional acts that are triggered automatically by situational cues (suggestions) and cue-related sensations. The triggering of both the behaviors and the sensations are enabled by the formation of a generalized response expectancy, which is a cognitive set to respond appropriately to suggestions. Response expectancies are functionally equivalent to implementation intentions taking the form, "emit response x when situation y is encountered." The classification of a response set as either an expectancy or an intention and the experience of the response as volitional or nonvolitional depend on interpretations derived from instructional cues and prior beliefs.

Associated Clinical Trials

References

Jul 1, 1976·The Journal of General Psychology·R D Easton, R E Shor
Oct 1, 1976·The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis·D McDermott, P W Sheehan
Nov 1, 1992·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·C E Silva, I Kirsch
Oct 1, 1992·The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis·K S Bowers
Oct 1, 1992·The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis·J F Kihlstrom
Apr 1, 1989·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·T D WilsonC G Wetzel
Jul 1, 1987·The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis·S J LynnD C Frauman
Jan 1, 1985·Annual Review of Psychology·J F Kihlstrom
Jan 1, 1985·Behaviour Research and Therapy·J D Teasdale
Feb 1, 1971·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·A A Faris, M G Reyes
Jul 1, 1969·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·E R Hilgard
Oct 1, 1969·The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis·T X Barber
Sep 1, 1972·Psychological Review·T Shallice
Oct 1, 1965·The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis·E R Hilgard, L M Cooper
Aug 1, 1984·Journal of Abnormal Psychology·S J LynnC A Sweeney
Jun 1, 1983·Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology·J R CouncilD Carlson
Jan 1, 1995·The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis·P GearanI Kirsch
May 10, 1985·Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie·T KrupaJ Thornton
Oct 1, 1980·Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences·I Kirsch

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

May 12, 2004·Consciousness and Cognition·Jing Zhu
Mar 3, 2004·Consciousness and Cognition·Matthew Hugh Erdelyi
Jul 26, 2002·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Jonathan W. Schooler
Feb 14, 2003·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Daniel M. Wegner
Oct 31, 2003·The American Psychologist·Daniel Kahneman
Aug 3, 2005·The Journal of Applied Psychology·John D Kammeyer-MuellerDennis Ahlburg
Sep 14, 2001·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·J Förster, N Liberman
Sep 11, 2002·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Maya TamirGerald L Clore
Nov 6, 2002·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·David DeStenoPeter Salovey
Feb 15, 2003·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Ayelet FishbachArie W Kruglanski
Mar 15, 2003·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Dolores Albarracín, G Tarcan Kumkale
Mar 15, 2003·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Drew Westen, Robert Rosenthal
Apr 22, 2003·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·James Shah
Jun 10, 2003·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·James Y Shah, Arie W Kruglanski
Jul 23, 2003·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Daniel M WegnerBetsy Sparrow
Aug 15, 2003·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Staffan Sohlberg, Andreas Birgegard
Sep 23, 2003·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Thomas Mussweiler, Katja Rüter
Oct 20, 2004·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·John B PryorMatthew Hesson-McLnnis
Oct 20, 2004·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Diederik A Stapel, Hart Blanton
Nov 13, 2004·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Ap Dijksterhuis
Jun 29, 2005·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Diederik A Stapel, Willem Koomen
Sep 16, 2005·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Ruud Custers, Henk Aarts
Sep 16, 2005·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Andrew L GeersSuzanne G Helfer
Jan 6, 2006·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Sanjay Srivastava, Jennifer S Beer
May 3, 2006·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Pamela K Smith, Yaacov Trope
Aug 30, 2006·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Roland DeutschFritz Strack
Dec 1, 2001·Psychological Bulletin·S C Wheeler, R E Petty
Jul 15, 2004·Psychological Bulletin·Lisa Feldman BarrettRandall W Engle
May 5, 2005·Psychological Bulletin·Thomas M Hess
Mar 16, 2006·Psychological Bulletin·Serena ChenMolly Parker Tapias
Feb 26, 2004·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·Frank P McKenna, Dinkar Sharma
Aug 10, 2007·The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis·Amir Raz
Mar 5, 2003·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. A, Human Experimental Psychology·Daniel David, Richard J Brown
Jan 12, 2010·Journal of Trauma & Dissociation : the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD)·Paul F Dell
Oct 1, 2011·PloS One·Marco Tullio LiuzzaSalvatore Maria Aglioti
Dec 4, 2013·Transfusion and Apheresis Science : Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association : Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis·Virginie Charles-SireAndrea Bullock
May 6, 2006·The Spanish Journal of Psychology·Pedro Avero, Manuel G Calvo
Feb 3, 2009·Behavior Research Methods·Manuel G Calvo, Pedro Avero
Nov 13, 2008·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·James D Miles, Robert W Proctor

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
S J Lynn
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Daniel David, Richard J Brown
International Journal of Psychology : Journal International De Psychologie
Michele VecchioneGian Vittorio Caprara
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved