Nov 19, 2019

Hypomyelinating leukodystrophy-associated mutation of RARS leads it to the lysosome, inhibiting oligodendroglial morphological differentiation

Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Naoto MatsumotoJunji Yamauchi

Abstract

Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is a central nervous system (CNS) demyelinating disease in human, currently known as prototypic hypomyelinating leukodystrophy 1 (HLD1). The gene responsible for HLD1 encodes proteolipid protein 1 (PLP1), which is the major myelin protein produced by oligodendrocytes. HLD9 is an autosomal recessive disorder responsible for the gene differing from the plp1 gene. The hld9 gene encodes arginyl-tRNA synthetase (RARS), which belongs to a family of cytoplasmic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Herein we show that HLD9-associated missense mutation of Ser456-to-Leu (S456L) localizes RARS proteins as aggregates into the lysosome but not into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi body. In contrast, wild-type proteins indeed distribute throughout the cytoplasm. Expression of S456L mutant constructs in cells decreases lysosome-related signaling through ribosomal S6 protein phosphorylation, which is known to be required for myelin formation. Cells harboring the S456L mutant constructs fail to exhibit phenotypes with myelin web-like structures following differentiation in FBD-102b cells, as part of the mammalian oligodendroglial cell model, whereas parental cells exhibit them. Collectively, HLD9-associated...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

PLP1 gene
Genes
Structure of First Web Space of Foot
Protein Phosphorylation
Mutant Proteins
Negative Regulation of Cell Differentiation
Myelin Formation
Cell Differentiation Process
Lysosomes
Down-Regulation

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