Hypothermia augments non-cholinergic neuronal bronchoconstriction in pithed guinea-pigs

European Journal of Pharmacology
M P RechtmanA L Boura


Electrical stimulation at C4-C7 in the spinal canal of pithed guinea-pigs injected with atropine, d-tubocurarine and pentolinium caused frequency-dependent bronchoconstriction. Such non-cholinergic responses to electrical stimulation, unlike responses to substance P, were abolished by pretreatment with capsaicin but not by mepyramine or propranolol. Bronchoconstrictor responses to electrical stimulation were inversely related to rectal temperature (between 30-40 degrees C) whereas responses to substance P increased with increasing temperature over the same range. Ouabain (i.v.) augmented responses to electrical stimulation at 35-37 degrees C but depressed those at 30-32 degrees C. Both morphine and the alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist B-HT920 (i.v.) inhibited non-cholinergic-mediated bronchoconstrictor responses at 30-32 degrees C. These results stress the importance of adequate control of body temperature in this preparation. Lowered body temperature may increase neuronal output of neuropeptides whilst depressing bronchial smooth muscle sensitivity. The data support previous conclusions regarding the role of Na+/K+ activated ATPase in temperature-induced changes in sensitivity to bronchoconstrictor stimuli.


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Related Concepts

Sympathetic Nervous System
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Hypothalamic Substance P
Hypothermia, Natural
Morphine Sulfate (2: 1), Pentahydrate

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