DOI: 10.1101/530550Jan 25, 2019Paper

Identification and characterization of a novel pic gene cluster responsible for picolinic acid degradation in Alcaligenes faecalis JQ135

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ji-Guo QiuJian He


Picolinic acid (PA) is a natural toxic pyridine derivative. Microorganisms can degrade and utilize PA for growth. However, the full metabolic pathway and its physiological and genetic foundation remain unknown. In this study, we identified the pic gene cluster responsible for the complete degradation of PA from Alcaligenes faecalis JQ135. PA was initially 6-hydroxylated into 6-hydroxypicolinic acid (6HPA) by PA dehydrogenase (PicA). 6HPA was then 3-hydroxylated by a four-component 6HPA monooxygenase (PicB) to form 3,6-dihydroxypicolinic acid (3,6DHPA), which was then converted into 2,5-dihydroxypyridine (2,5DHP) by a decarboxylase (PicC). The 2,5DHP was further degraded into fumaric acid, through PicD (2,5DHP dioxygenase), PicE (N-formylmaleamic acid deformylase), PicF (maleamic acid amidohydrolase), and PicG (maleic acid isomerase). Homologous pic gene clusters with diverse organizations were found to be widely distributed in α-, β-, and γ-Proteobacteria. Our findings provide new insights into the microbial metabolism of environmental toxic pyridine derivatives.

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