Nov 2, 2018

Identification and removal of contaminating microbial DNA from PCR reagents: impact on low-biomass microbiome analyses

Letters in Applied Microbiology
Lisa F StinsonMatthew S Payne

Abstract

Reagent-derived contamination can compromise the integrity of microbiome data, particularly in low microbial biomass samples. This contamination has recently been attributed to the 'kitome' (contamination introduced by the DNA extraction kit), prior to which attention was mostly paid to potential contamination introduced by PCR reagents. In this study, we assessed the proportion to which our DNA extraction kit and PCR master mix introduce contaminating microbial DNA to bacterial microbial profiles generated by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Utilizing a commercial dsDNase treatment protocol to decontaminate the PCR master mix, we demonstrated that the vast majority of contaminating DNA was derived from the PCR master mix. Importantly, this contamination was almost completely eliminated using the simple dsDNase treatment, resulting in a 99% reduction in contaminating bacterial reads. We suggest that dsDNase treatment of PCR reagents should be explored as a simple and effective way of reducing contamination in low-biomass microbiome studies and producing more robust and reliable data. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Reagent contamination with microbial DNA is a major problem in microbiome studies of low microbial biomass samples....Continue Reading

  • References23
  • Citations5

Mentioned in this Paper

DNA Contamination
Study
Treatment Protocols
Scientific Study
Alkaline DNase
Extraction
Microbiome
Sequence Determinations, DNA
Microbial
Analysis

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