Mar 25, 2020

Assessing anaerobic gut fungal (Neocalliamstigomycota) diversity using PacBio D1/D2 LSU rRNA amplicon sequencing and multi-year isolation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Radwa A Hanafy


The anaerobic gut fungi (AGF, Neocallimastigomycota) reside in the alimentary tracts of herbivores where they play a central role in the breakdown of ingested plant material. Accurate assessment of AGF diversity has been hampered by inherent deficiencies of the internal transcribed spacer1 (ITS1) region as a phylogenetic marker. Here, we report on the development and implementation of the D1/D2 region of the large ribosomal subunit (D1/D2 LSU) as a novel marker for assessing AGF diversity in culture-independent surveys. Sequencing a 1.4-1.5 Kbp amplicon encompassing the ITS1-5.8S rRNA-ITS2-D1/D2 LSU region in the ribosomal RNA locus from fungal strains and environmental samples generated a reference D1/D2 LSU database for all cultured AGF genera, as well as the majority of candidate genera encountered in prior ITS1-based diversity surveys. Subsequently, a D1/D2 LSU-based diversity survey using long read PacBio SMRT sequencing technology was conducted on fecal samples from 21 wild and domesticated herbivores. Twenty-eight genera and candidate genera were identified in the 17.7 K sequences obtained, including multiple novel lineages that were predominantly, but not exclusively, identified in wild herbivores. Association between c...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Laboratory Procedures
Sequence Determinations, RNA
Nuclear mRNA Cis Splicing, via Spliceosome
RNA Splicing
Gene Annotation
RNA, Messenger

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