Mar 29, 2020

Identification of a novel CHS1/LYST variant in a Chinese pedigree affected with Chediak-Higashi syndrome

Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
Jianhua MengXiaowen Zhai

Abstract

To detect pathological variant in two patients with Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) from a consanguineous family and to explore its genotype-phenotype correlation. Clinical data was collected for this pedigree. Genomic DNA was prepared from probands' peripheral leukocytes and their relatives' fingernail. Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were carried out to detect potential variant of the LYST gene. The proband presented with partial oculocutaneous albinism, immunodeficiency and acidophilic inclusion body in bone marrow and blood smears. A novel homozygous nonsense variant c.8782C>T (p.Gln2928*) was identified in exon 34 of the LYST gene in the sib pair. The same variant was found to be in heterozygous status in 6 unaffected individuals from the pedigree. Above result enriched the mutational spectrum of CHS and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for this pedigree.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genetic Pedigree
Bone Marrow
Detected (Finding)
Counseling
Smear Sample
Entire Nail of Finger
CHS protein
Diagnosis
Chediak-Higashi Syndrome
Genomic DNA

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