Mar 16, 2019

Identification of aberrantly methylated differentially expressed genes in prostate carcinoma using integrated bioinformatics

Cancer Cell International
Kai WuJiangping Gao

Abstract

Methylation plays a key role in the aetiology and pathogenesis of prostate cancer (PCa). This study aimed to identify aberrantly methylated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and pathways in PCa and explore the underlying mechanisms of tumourigenesis. Expression profile (GSE29079) and methylation profile (GSE76938) datasets were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). We used R 3.4.4 software to assess aberrantly methylated DEGs. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) RNA sequencing and Illumina HumanMethylation450 DNA methylation data were utilized to validate screened genes. Functional enrichment analysis of the screened genes was performed, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Gens (STRING). The results were visualized in Cytoscape. After confirmation using TCGA, cBioPortal was used to examine alterations in genes of interest. Then, protein localization in PCa cells was observed using immunohistochemistry. Overall, 536 hypomethylated upregulated genes were identified that were enriched in biological processes such as negative regulation of transcription, osteoblast differentiation, intracellular signal transduction, and the Wnt signalling p...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Computer Software
Biological Markers
Study
Biochemical Pathway
Proton Pump Inhibitors
The Cancer Genome Atlas
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Pathogenesis
Immunohistochemistry
AKT1

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