Apr 5, 2019

Identification of aberrantly methylated differentially expressed genes in age-related macular degeneration

Medicine
Zixuan XuLei Shang

Abstract

DNA methylation plays a significant role in many diseases. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss for people aged 50 years and above, but the etiology and pathogenesis are largely unknown. This study aimed to identify the aberrantly methylated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in AMD and predict the related pathways on the basis of public data.Aberrant methylation can influence the functions of key genes by altering their expression. Here, we found out DEGs by overlapping public microarray data (GSE29801 and GSE102952). Functional and enrichment analyses of selected genes were performed using the DAVID database. Subsequently, protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were constructed by using STRING and visualized in cytoscape to determine hub genes. Finally, we collected AMD patients' blood samples to identify the methylation statuses of these hub genes by using methylated DNA immunoprecipitation.In total, 156 hypermethylation-low expression genes and 127 hypomethylation-high expression genes were predicted. The hypermethylation-low expression genes were enriched in biological processes of response to cardiac conduction, ATP binding, and cell-cell junction assembly. The top 5 hub genes of...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

ATP Binding
Biological Markers
Study
Microarray Analysis
Proton Pump Inhibitors
SLC2A1 protein, human
Cell-cell Junction Assembly
Pathogenesis
Genes
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases

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