Identification of horizontally transferred genes in the genus Colletotrichum reveals a steady tempo of bacterial to fungal gene transfer

BMC Genomics
Vinicio D Armijos JaramilloMichael R Thon

Abstract

Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is the stable transmission of genetic material between organisms by means other than vertical inheritance. HGT has an important role in the evolution of prokaryotes but is relatively rare in eukaryotes. HGT has been shown to contribute to virulence in eukaryotic pathogens. We studied the importance of HGT in plant pathogenic fungi by identifying horizontally transferred genes in the genomes of three members of the genus Colletotrichum. We identified eleven HGT events from bacteria into members of the genus Colletotrichum or their ancestors. The HGT events include genes involved in amino acid, lipid and sugar metabolism as well as lytic enzymes. Additionally, the putative minimal dates of transference were calculated using a time calibrated phylogenetic tree. This analysis reveals a constant flux of genes from bacteria to fungi throughout the evolution of subphylum Pezizomycotina. Genes that are typically transferred by HGT are those that are constantly subject to gene duplication and gene loss. The functions of some of these genes suggest roles in niche adaptation and virulence. We found no evidence of a burst of HGT events coinciding with major geological events. In contrast, HGT appears to be a ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Nov 23, 2015·FEMS Microbiology Reviews·Susanne ZeilingerChandra Nayak S
Feb 16, 2015·Trends in Plant Science·Elisha ThynnePeter S Solomon
Aug 18, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Vinicio Armijos-JaramilloMaría Cristina Echeverría
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Nov 26, 2019·Genome Biology and Evolution·Mingshuang WangRuoxin Ruan
Aug 13, 2020·Scientific Reports·Mohammad Reza Bakhtiarizadeh, Ali A Alamouti

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
RNA-seq

Software Mentioned

KEGG
TreeAnnotator
BLASTP
TREE
CLUSTALW
MetaCyc
TreeGraph2
RaxML
MUSCLE
BEAST

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