Identification of multiple ACVRL1 mutations in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension by targeted exome capture

Clinical Science
Chunmei PiaoJie Du

Abstract

Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is characterized as sustained elevation of pressure in the pulmonary vascular system that is attributable to a variety of causes. More than a dozen genes have previously been proposed as being associated with PAH. To examine potential mutations of these genes in patients with PAH, we developed a targeted exome kit containing 22 PAH-associated genes for genetic screens of 80 unrelated patients with PAH. As a result, we identified 16 different mutations in the BMPR2 gene and four different mutations in ACVRL1, the gene for activin receptor-like kinase-1 (ACVRL1). However, no deleterious mutations were found in the remaining 20 genes. In the present study, we provided detailed characterization of the ACVRL1 mutations in four pedigrees, including two novel missense mutations (c.676G>A, p.V226M; c.955G>C, p.G319R) and two recurrent mutations (c.1231C>T, p.R411W; c.1450C>T, p.R484W). Furthermore, we showed that markedly reduced Smad1/5 phosphorylation levels and reduced activities of luciferase reporters in each of the four ACVRL1 mutant-transfected NIH-3T3 cells. Therefore, our findings demonstrated that missense mutations of ACVRL1 identified in the present study significantly affected the bone m...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Arsa
Biological Markers
Study
Pathogenic Aspects
Biochemical Pathway
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
ACVRL1
SMAD1 gene
Smad1 Protein
Pathogenesis

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