Jan 1, 1988

Identification of multiple forms of the P component of amyloid isolated from human serum

International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology
B M KubakL A Potempa


We examined isolated serum amyloid P component (SAP), the circulating counterpart of the amyloid P component, and established a previously unreported heterogeneity for SAP by immunological and biochemical methods. Highly purified SAP had a gel filtration Mr of 255,000, a Stokes radius of 57 A, a calculated frictional coefficient of 1.4, and 10 subunits of Mr of approximately 25,000. We present evidence suggestive of varying affinities of SAP for agarose, to which SAP is known to adsorb in the presence of calcium, by fused rocket immunoelectrophoresis. We resolved SAP subunits by isoelectric focusing into multiple species with isoelectric points of 6.08 (two forms), 6.02, and 5.95; three of these forms were delineated by high resolution two-dimensional SDS gel electrophoresis to have an Mr = 25,500, while a fourth (pI = 6.08) had an Mr = 24,500. The observed isoelectric charge heterogeneity could not be eliminated by neuraminidase treatment event though the electrophoretic migration of native desialized SAP was impeded (alpha 1 to beta) when examined by crossed immunoelectrophoresis, being consistent with the removal of anionic charges. Further, an additional neuraminidase-generated component was detected at the beta-position wh...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations4


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations4

Mentioned in this Paper

Precipitin Tests
Calcium [EPC]
APP protein, human
Properdin Deficiency, X-LINKED
Amyloid Deposition
Gel Chromatography

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.