PMID: 39725Jul 1, 1979

Identification of some human urinary metabolites of orally administered potassium canrenoate by stable isotope-labeling techniques

Drug Metabolism and Disposition : the Biological Fate of Chemicals
C W VoseR F Palmer

Abstract

A single oral dose (200 mg) of an equimolar mixture of potassium canrenoate and its 20,20,21,21-tetradeutero analogue was administered to three healthy men. The steroids in urine collected for 24 hr after dosage were isolated on XAD-2 resin, and purified and fractionated into groups by lipophilic gel chromatography before and after hydrolysis of conjugates. GC/MS analysis of these fractions allowed the detection and identification of canrenone, canrenoic acid and its ester glucuronide, 3 beta-hydroxy-3-deoxocanrenone, 3beta-hydroxy-4,5alpha-dihydro-3-deoxocanrenone and a 3epsilon-hydroxy-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-3-deoxocanrenone. In addition a number of di- and trihydroxy compounds formed by reduction and hydroxylation were partially identified from their E1 and C1 mass spectra. The results provide information on the metabolism of oral potassium canrenoate in man, and demonstrate the utility of combining stable isotope labeling, lipophilic gel chromatography, and GC/MS in studies of steroidal spirolactones.

Related Concepts

Metabolic Biotransformation
Kalium-Can.-ratiopharm
Deuterons
Hydroxylation
Isotope Labeling, Stable
Oxidation-Reduction
Pregnadienes

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Related Papers

Drug Metabolism and Disposition : the Biological Fate of Chemicals
A KarimL J Chinn
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved