Identification of sulfonylureas in serum by electrospray mass spectrometry

Analytical Biochemistry
F MagniM Galli Kienle


Identification of sulfonylureas in serum is important in the diagnosis of hypoglycemic crisis of unknown origin. Methods based on HPLC with UV or fluorescence detection may give false positive results. Mass spectrometry may successfully avoid this problem. The described method allows the simultaneous identification and quantification of tolbutamide, chlorpropamide, glibenclamide, and glipizide in human serum using one of the tested sulfonylureas as the internal standard. Serum purification is carried out by solid-phase extraction with ENVI-C18 cartridges and samples are analyzed by liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry. For all drugs, the limit of detection and the limit of quantification are about 2 and 10 ng/ml, respectively.


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Related Concepts

Liquid Chromatography
Mass Spectrometry
Sulfonylurea Compounds
Tolbutamid R.A.N.
Black Light, Ultraviolet

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