Jan 1, 1976

Identification of Tay-Sachs by hexosaminidase analysis of urine and tear samples

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
A SaiferG Perle

Abstract

1. Two readily obtainable biological fluids, i.e., urine and tears, were investigated as possible substitutes for serum and leukocytes for the detection of Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) heterozygotes based on Quantitative hexosaminidase A (Hex A) determinations. 2. Hexosaminidase isoenzyme patterns were determined, by means of an automated DEAE-cellulose microcolumn procedure, for serum, urine and tear samples from normals, TSD carriers, normal pregnancies, carrier-pregnancies and TSD children. 3. Normal pregnancy and TSD carrier sera gave almost identical hexosaminidase patterns with multiple intermediate peaks. Whereas, urine and tear samples from normal pregnant women showed hexosaminidase isoenzyme patterns resembling those of normal controls. These results suggested that use of these fluids might eliminate the effect of pregnancy of the Hex A ratio which occurs when serum is used as the test fluid. In addition these fluids are most economical and simpler to obtain than a blood sample. 4. About 200 urine samples, from the various categories listed above, were analyzed for Hex A with both the heat denaturation and pH inactivation methods and the results compared with serum and leukocyte levels from many of the same individuals. Wi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Urinalysis
Urine
Autoanalysis Procedure
Tears Body Substance
White Blood Cell Count Procedure
Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase Activity
Hexosaminidases
Leukocytes
DEAE-Cellulose
Glucosaminidases

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