Mar 28, 2020

Identifying Change Targets for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Suicidal and Self-Injuring Women With Borderline Personality Disorder

Journal of Traumatic Stress
Melanie S HarnedSara C Schmidt

Abstract

Research on psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is increasingly focused on understanding not only which treatments work but why and for whom they work. The present pilot study evaluated the temporal relations between five hypothesized change targets-posttraumatic cognitions, guilt, shame, general emotion dysregulation, and experiential avoidance-and PTSD severity among women with PTSD, borderline personality disorder, and recent suicidal and/or self-injurious behaviors. Participants (N = 26) were randomized to receive 1 year of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) with or without the DBT prolonged exposure (DBT PE) protocol for PTSD. Potential change targets and PTSD were assessed at 4-month intervals during treatment and at 3-month posttreatment follow-up. Time-lagged mixed-effects models indicated that between-person differences in all change targets except guilt were associated with more severe PTSD, η2 s = .32-.55, and, except for general emotion dysregulation, slowed the rate of change in PTSD severity over time, η2 s = .20-.39. In DBT but not in DBT + DBT PE, individuals with higher levels of guilt and experiential avoidance relative to their own average had more severe PTSD at the next assessment point...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Suicide
Research
Pulmonary Embolism
Randomization
Problem
Emotions
Finding
Personality Disorders
Follow-up
Borderline Personality Disorder

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