May 1, 1976

Identity of kynurenine: pyruvate aminotransferase with histidine: pyruvate aminotransferase

Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie
T Noguchi, R Kido


Kynurenine pyruvate aminotransferase was purified from rat kidney. The purified enzyme had an isoelectric point of pH 5.2 and a pH optimum of 9.3. The enzyme was active with pyruvate as amino acceptor but not with 2-oxoglutarate, and utilized various aromatic amino acids as amino donors. L-Amino acids were effective in the following order of activity: histidine greather than phenylalanine greater than kynurenine greater than tyrosine greater than tryptophan greater than 5-hydroxytryptophan. The apparent Km values were about 0.63 mM, 1.4 mM and 0.09 mM for histidine, kynurenine and phenylalanine, respectively. Km values for pyruvate were 5.5 mM with histidine as amino donor, 1.3 mM with kynurenine and 8.5 mM with phenylalanine. Kynurenine pyruvate aminotransferase activity of the enzyme was inhibited by the addition of histidine or phenylalanine. The molecular weights determined by gel filtration and sucrose density gradient centrifugation were approximately 76000 and 79000, respectively. On the basis of purification ratio, substrate specificity, inhibition by common substrates, subcellular distribution, isoelectric focusing and polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, it is suggested that kynurenine pyruvate aminotransferase is iden...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Phenylalanine (histidine) aminotransferase
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Alpha Ketoglutarate
Pyruvate Measurement

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