Mar 20, 2020

IDH1 Mutations Induce Organelle Defects Via Dysregulated Phospholipids

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. LarionP. N. Prasad

Abstract

Cytosolic IDH1 enzyme plays a key, but currently unexplored, role in lipid biosynthesis. Using Raman imaging microscopy, we identified heterogeneous lipid profiles in cellular organelles attributed uniquely to IDH1 mutations. Via organelle lipidomics, we found an increase in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in the endoplasmic reticulum of IDH1mut cells compared with IDHWT glioma. We showed that these fatty acids incorporate into phospholipids and induce organelle dysfunctions, with prominent dilation of Golgi apparatus, which can be restored by transient knockdown of stearyl-CoA desaturase or inhibition of D-2-hydroxyglutarate (D-2HG) formation. We validated these findings using tissue from patients with glioma. Oleic acid addition led to increased sensitivity to apoptosis of IDH1mut cells compared with IDHWT. Addition of D-2HG to U251WT cells lead in increased ER and Golgi apparatus dilation. Collectively, these studies provide clinically relevant insights into the functional link between IDH1mut-induced lipid alterations and organelle dysfunction, with therapeutic implications. SignificanceGliomas are devastating tumors, with the most aggressive form--glioblastoma multiforme-- correlated with a mean patient survival...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
Biochemical Pathway
Research
CFC1 gene
Genome
Genes
Opposite
Cognitive Complexity
Laboratory

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