Idiopathic ocular neuromyotonia: a neurovascular compression syndrome?

Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
C TiliketeAlain Vighetto

Abstract

Ocular neuromyotonia in the muscles innervated by the right oculomotor nerve was diagnosed in a patient without a history of radiation therapy. Electromyography of the levator palpebrae showed continuous motor unit activity. Brain MRI disclosed a close contact between the right third cranial nerve and a basilar artery dolichoectasia. The patient partly benefited from carbamazepine therapy. This unique finding suggests that neurovascular compression syndrome could be an hitherto unrecognised cause of ocular neuromyotonia.

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