IgG anti-melanocyte antibodies purified from patients with active vitiligo induce HLA-DR and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression and an increase in interleukin-8 release by melanocytes

The Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Y L LiH S Yu


An immunologic hypothesis is currently proposed as a possible pathogenesis of nonsegmental-type vitiligo. IgG antibodies against melanocyte surface antigens exist in the serum of patients with vitiligo vulgaris. IgG anti-melanocyte antibodies were reported to induce melanocyte damage in vitro by a complement-mediated mechanism and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. Perilesional melanocytes express major histocompatibility complex class II antigens and a higher intercellular adhesion molecule-1 compared with those in normal skin. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of IgG anti-melanocyte antibodies in the inappropriate expression of major histocompatibility complex class II antigens and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 on melanocytes. IgG anti-melanocyte antibody samples were purified from the individual serum of patients with active vitiligo. After incubation of IgG anti-melanocyte antibodies with cultured melanocytes, the results revealed: (i) IgG anti-melanocyte antibody stimulated HLA-DR expression on melanocytes; (ii) intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression on melanocytes was significantly induced by IgG anti-melanocyte antibodies; and (iii) IgG anti-melanocyte antibodies induced an increase in ...Continue Reading


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