Imaging of peripheral nerve sheath tumors with pathologic correlation: pictorial review

European Journal of Radiology
M PilavakiA Drevelengas

Abstract

Peripheral neurogenic tumors include neurilemoma, neurinoma, and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. All neurogenic tumors share common imaging features. Although differentiation between them is difficult, neurogenic origin can be suggested from their imaging appearances, including fusiform shape, relation to the nerve, "split-fat" sign, associated muscle atrophy and intrinsic imaging characteristics including "target sign" as well as from lesion location along a typical nerve distribution. Our purpose is to make an overview of imaging findings of each type of peripheral nerve sheath tumor with emphasis on characteristic signs and correlate with histologic features. Morton's neuroma and intraneural ganglion are also included as tumors of nerve origin.

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