PMID: 8610144Apr 2, 1996Paper

Imaging of single molecule diffusion

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
T SchmidtH Schindler

Abstract

In recent years observations at the level of individual atoms and molecules became possible by microscopy and spectroscopy. Imaging of single fluorescence molecules has been achieved but has so far been restricted to molecules in the immobile state. Here we provide methodology for visualization of the motion of individual fluorescent molecules. It is applied to imaging of the diffusional path of single molecules in a phospholipid membrane by using phospholipids carrying one rhodamine dye molecule. For this methodology, fluorescence microscopy was carried to a sensitivity so that single fluorescent molecules illuminated for only 5 ms were resolvable at a signal/noise ratio of 28. Repeated illuminations permitted direct observation of the diffusional motion of individual molecules with a positional accuracy of 30 nm. Such capability has fascinating potentials in bioscience--for example, to correlate biological functions of cell membranes with movements, spatial organization, and stoichiometries of individual components.

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Citations

Mar 25, 1999·Microscopy Research and Technique·T SchmidtH Schindler
Mar 15, 2002·Chemical Record : an Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]·E S Yeung
Aug 16, 2008·European Biophysics Journal : EBJ·Marko KreftRobert Zorec
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Jun 14, 2005·Micron : the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy·Frantisek VachaMartin Vacha
May 20, 2004·Ultramicroscopy·Claudiu C GradinaruThomas Schmidt
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Dec 29, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Joanna AndreckaJens Michaelis
Apr 16, 1996·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·P HinterdorferH Schindler
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