PMID: 3179606Jul 1, 1988Paper

Immediate anaphylactic bronchoconstriction induces airway hyperreactivity in anaesthetized guinea-pigs

British Journal of Pharmacology
L DaffonchioB J Whittle


1. The possible acute occurrence of airway hyperreactivity after immediate-type bronchial anaphylaxis has been investigated in anaesthetized guinea-pigs actively sensitized to ovalbumin (OA). 2. Aerosol challenge (OA 10 mg ml-1, 5 s) provoked immediate bronchoconstriction which was substantially, although incompletely, reversed by isoprenaline (Iso) infusion (1 microgram kg-1 min-1) for 10 min). 3. Bronchoconstrictor responses to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were enhanced in challenged animals when compared to those in non-challenged animals that had also received Iso. This was seen as a leftward shift in the location of the dose-response curve for the bronchoconstrictor effect of 5-HT (dose-ratio 2.45, 95% confidence limits 1.77-3.38; P less than 0.01). This phenomenon was associated with pulmonary infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, which was not modified by Iso treatment. 4. Iso infusion alone caused a slight enhancement of airway reactivity seen as a small leftward shift of the dose-response curve for the bronchoconstrictor effect of 5-HT (dose-ratio 1.51, 95% confidence limits 1.07-2.13; P less than 0.05). 5. These results support a causal relationship between acute pulmonary inflammation and airway hyperreactivity...Continue Reading


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