Nov 20, 2003

Immediate defibrillation versus interventions first in a swine model of prolonged ventricular fibrillation

Resuscitation
James J MenegazziClifton W Callaway

Abstract

we compared time-dependent rescue shock success when delivered immediately, to defibrillation preceded by 3 min of CPR, with and without high dose epinephrine (HDE) in a swine model of prolonged ventricular fibrillation (VF). Our hypotheses were that pretreatment with CPR and HDE would produce higher rates of successful first-shock defibrillation and would prevent decay of the VF waveform, as measured by the scaling exponent (ScE), when compared to immediate defibrillation. We also sought to determine the predictive value of the ScE in determining post-shock outcomes. we anesthetized and instrumented 60 domestic swine (19.6-26.4 kg). VF was induced electrically and was untreated for 8, 11 or 14 min. ECG was recorded digitally at a rate of 1000 samples/s with 5-s epochs used to calculate the ScE. We assigned randomly swine to seven groups (number denotes timing of first rescue shock). Three groups had rescue shocks as the first intervention (RSF) after 8 min of VF (RSF-8), 11 min of VF (RSF-11), or 14 min of VF (RSF-14): two groups had CPR for 3 min (then rescue shock) beginning at 8 min (CPR-11) or 11 min of VF (CPR-14); and two groups got CPR for 3 min with 0.1 mg/kg epinephrine (adrenaline) (then rescue shock) beginning at 8 ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Shock
Electrical Activity of Brain
Sus scrofa domestica
Receiver Operating Characteristic
Epinephrine Measurement
Medihaler-Epi
Electroversion Therapy
Epinephrine

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