Nov 30, 2015

Immigration rates during population density reduction in a coral reef fish

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Katrine Turgeon, Donald L Kramer

Abstract

Although the importance of density-dependent dispersal has been recognized in theory, few empirical studies have examined how immigration changes over a wide range of densities. In a replicated experiment using a novel approach allowing within-site comparison, we examined changes in immigration rate following the gradual removal of territorial damselfish from a limited area within a much larger patch of continuous habitat. In all sites, immigration occurred at intermediate densities but did not occur before the start of removals and only rarely as density approached zero. In the combined data and in 5 of 7 sites, the number of immigrants was a hump-shaped function of density. This is the first experimental evidence for hump-shaped, density-dependent immigration. This pattern may be more widespread than previously recognized because studies over more limited density ranges have identified positive density dependence at low densities and negative density dependence at high densities. Positive density dependence at low density can arise from limits to the number of potential immigrants and from behavioral preferences for settling near conspecifics. Negative density dependence at high density can arise from competition for resource...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Coral
Site
Empirical Study
probe gene fragment
Chromis chromis
Local
Immigrant (Person)
Population Group
Pomacentrus partitus

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