Sep 11, 1992

Immune response of lizards and rodents to larval Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae)

Journal of Medical Entomology
J Galbe, J H Oliver

Abstract

The house mouse (laboratory strain), Mus musculus (L.), the cotton mouse, Peromyscus gossypinus (LeConte), the broad-headed skink, Eumeces laticeps (Schneider), and the guinea pig, Cavia porcellus (L.), were successively infested five times with larvae of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say. Tick feeding success, engorgement weight, and subsequent molting success were measured after each infestation. A greater percentage of ticks (P less than 0.05) fed on M. musculus and E. laticeps than on P. gossypinus or C. porcellus. P. gossypinus expressed a transitory partial resistance, measured in percentage of ticks feeding, during the third infestation but showed increased tolerance during the fourth and fifth infestations. Ticks fed on E. laticeps were heavier than those fed on any other host (P less than 0.05). Those fed on M. musculus were heavier than those fed on P. gossypinus, but the difference was not statistically significant. On C. porcellus, only 1.6% of larvae from the third infestation and none thereafter engorged; weights of larvae from first and second infestations were higher (P less than 0.05) than those fed on M. musculus and P. gossypinus and lower (P less than 0.05) than those fed on E. laticeps. A greater ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Molting
Immune Response
Carex laticeps
Astragalus gossypinus
Nymph
Eutrochium steelei
House mice
Family Dipodidae
Suborder Ixodides
Laboratory

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