PMID: 2426341Sep 1, 1986Paper

Immunocytochemical localization of the major surfactant apoproteins in type II cells, Clara cells, and alveolar macrophages of rat lung

The Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry : Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
S R WalkerB J Benson


The adsorptive properties of phospholipids of pulmonary surfactant are markedly influenced by the presence of three related proteins (26-38 KD, reduced) found in purified surfactant. Whether these proteins are pre-assembled with lipids before secretion is uncertain but would be expected for a lipoprotein secretion. We performed indirect immunocytochemistry on frozen thin sections of rat lung to identify cells and intracellular organelles that contain these proteins. The three proteins, purified from lavaged surfactant, were used to generate antisera in rabbits. Immunoblotting of rat surfactant showed that the IgG reacted with the three proteins and a 55-60 KD band which may be a polymer of the lower MW species. Specific gold labeling occurred over alveolar type II cells, bronchiolar Clara cells, alveolar macrophages, and tubular myelin. In type II cells labeling occurred in synthetic organelles and lamellar bodies, which contain surfactant lipids. Lamellar body labeling was increased fivefold by pre-treating tissue sections with a detergent. Multivesicular bodies and some small apical vesicles in type II cells were also labeled. Secondary lysosomes of alveolar macrophages were immunoreactive. Labeling in Clara cells exceeded th...Continue Reading


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