Oct 31, 2001

Immunoelectron microscopic visualization of pro- and secreted forms of decorin and biglycan in the predentin and during dentin formation in the rat incisor

Calcified Tissue International
D SeptierM Goldberg


Using antibodies raised against the proform and fully processed (secreted) forms of the proteoglycans decorin and biglycan, combined with gold electron immunohistochemistry, we observed in the incisors of five Sprague-Dawley rats that the proforms were mostly located in the cell bodies of odontoblasts, with a presence reduced to one-third or one-fourth in the processes. Proforms, also present in the extracellular matrix, were uniformly distributed throughout predentin, with higher labeling for probiglycan than pro-decorin. Both were present in lesser amounts in metadentin and dentin. With respect to the secreted form, grain density was at a constant level for biglycan in predentin and dentin, whereas a gradient was detected for decorin, the grain density being increased three times in the distal predentin. Although decorin labeling was diminished in metadentin, staining in circumpulpal dentin was similar to that found in distal predentin. We have previously reported a reverse gradient for chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate distribution. To reconcile these diverging data, our hypothesis is that enzymatic proteolytic cleavage may remove the glycosylated N-terminal-containing region, resulting in a non- proteoglycan form of the ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Extracellular Matrix
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum
Dentin Formation
Dermatan Sulfate
Proteolytic Enzyme
DCN gene

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