Immunoelectrophoretic studies on human small intestinal brush border proteins. A quantitative study of brush border enzymes from single small intestinal biopsies

Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
H SkovbjergE Gudmand-Høyer

Abstract

A method for measuring brush border membrane enzymes from small intestinal biopsies by crossed immunoelectrophoresis is presented. The use of a brush border specific antiserum made isolation of the brush border membrane before analysis unnecessary. This prevented loss of material which, together with inactivation of enzymes, was a limiting factor in previous studies of brush border enzymes from peroral biopsies. In 58 biopsies from patients without gastrointestinal disorders a close correlation between antigenic activity and corresponding enzymatic activity was shown for the following enzymes: sucrase-isomaltase (EC 3.2.1.48-EC 3.2.1.10), lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (EC 3.2.1.23-EC 3.2.1.62), microvillus aminopeptidase (microsomal, EC 3.4.11.2) and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (EC 3.4.14.X). The immunoelectrophoretic patterns of intestinal mucosa near the ligament of Treitz, and in jejunum and ileum were established. The method presented is thought to be of value in further studies of the molecular basis of brush border diseases.

References

Feb 1, 1975·Analytical Biochemistry·C Wang, R L Smith
Apr 1, 1976·The New England Journal of Medicine·G M GrayR R Townley
Jan 1, 1968·Analytical Biochemistry·A Dahlqvist
Apr 18, 2013·Heredity·S-Y KimJ Martínez-Padilla

Related Concepts

Aminopeptidase
Lactrase
Plasma Membrane
Dipeptidases
Ileum
Immunoelectrophoresis, Two-Dimensional
Structure of Intestinal Gland
Intestines, Small
Jejunum
Microvilli

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Incretins

Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.