PMID: 357009Jul 1, 1978

Immunofluorescent staining of keratin fibers in cultured cells

Cell
T T Sun, H Green

Abstract

Antibody prepared against a group of keratins purified from human stratum corneum was used to identify cells containing keratins by immunofluorescence. In sectioned tissue and in culture, keratinocytes of skin and other stratified squamous epithelia-whether human, rabbit of mouse-stained strongly, indicating homologous amino acid sequences in the keratins of these species. In all cases, the antibody revealed a dense cytoplasmic network of discrete fibers probably consisting of aggregated (tono-) filaments. The pattern of staining was not affected by cytochalasin B or colcemid. No keratins were detected in cultured cells of mesenchymal origin (3T3, NIL, BHK, human diploid fibroblasts) or in connective tissues, indicating that the 100 A filaments of fibroblasts are not related to the keratins. Keratinocytes at all stages of differentiation, including basal cells, stained brightly and therefore contained abundant keratins.

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Related Concepts

Immunofluorescence Assay
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Keratinocyte
Protoplasm
Aggregation
Keratin
Cytokeratin
Cell Differentiation Process
Cytoplasmic
Colcemide

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