Oct 15, 1989

Immunogenicity of synthetic peptides derived from the sequences of a Streptococcus mutans cell surface antigen in nonhuman primates

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
T LehnerJ A Haron

Abstract

The immunogenicity and antigenicity of synthetic peptides (SP) derived from the sequences of a cell surface Ag of Streptococcus mutans were investigated in macaque monkeys. Immunization with the free peptides of 11, 17, and 21 residues failed to elicit serum antibodies or T cell responses. However, immunization with the SP17 and SP21 linked to tetanus toxoid (TT) as a carrier elicited serum antibodies and proliferative responses of lymphocytes, not only to the SP but also to the native streptococcal Ag. In vivo recall of SP-TT immunized monkeys with suboptimal doses of the native streptococcal Ag resulted in a significant increase in antibodies, both to the SP and the streptococcal Ag, confirming that the SP shares antigenic epitopes with the native Ag. B and T cell epitopes were then determined and a B cell epitope was found in residues 8-13, whereas an overlapping T cell epitope was located in residues 7-15. The T cell epitope has an amino-terminal leucine and carboxy-terminal glycine and alanine added to residues 8-13 of the B cell epitope. In spite of the B and T cell epitopes being expressed in SP17 (residues 1-15), the monomer failed to induce serum antibodies without a carrier. However, immunization with a dimer of SP17 ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cell Surface Antigen Activity
T-Lymphocyte
Nonhuman primate
Thymidine
Lymphocytes as Percentage of Blood Leukocytes (Lab Test)
Antigenic Specificity
Streptococcus
Cercopithecidae
Platyrrhini
Glycine

About this Paper

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