Immunoglobulin E as a Biomarker for the Overlap of Atopic Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases : Journal of the COPD Foundation
Craig P HershCOPDGene® Investigators

Abstract

Asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) is a common clinical syndrome, yet there is no single objective definition. We hypothesized that immunoglobulin E (IgE) measurements could be used to refine the definition of ACO. In baseline plasma samples from 2870 participants in the COPD Genetic Epidemiology (COPDGene®) study, we measured total IgE levels and specific IgE levels to 6 common allergens. Compared to usual chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), participants with ACO (based on self-report of asthma) had higher total IgE levels (median 67.0 versus 42.2 IU/ml) and more frequently had at least one positive specific IgE (43.5% versus 24.5%). We previously used a strict definition of ACO in participants with COPD, based on self-report of a doctor's diagnosis of asthma before age 40. This strict ACO definition was refined by the presence of atopy, determined by total IgE > 100 IU/ml or at least one positive specific IgE, as was the broader definition of ACO based on self-reported asthma history. Participants with all 3 ACO definitions were younger (mean age 60.0-61.3 years), were more commonly African American (36.8%-44.2%), had a higher exacerbation frequency (1.0-1.2 in the past year), and had more airway wall thickening on quantitat...Continue Reading

Citations

Aug 29, 2020·Journal of Clinical Medicine·José Luis Lopez-CamposCandelaria Caballero-Eraso
Jun 26, 2021·International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease·Evgeni MekovMarc Miravitlles

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