Jan 11, 2011

Immunohistochemical and biochemical assay of MMP-3 in human dentine

Journal of Dentistry
A MazzoniL Breschi


The function of endogenous MMP-3 and its distribution within the human dentine is unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assay the presence and distribution of MMP-3 within human sound dentine by means of biochemical and immunohistochemical assays. Powdered dentine from extracted human teeth was prepared and (1) partially demineralised with 1% H(3)PO(4) for 10min or (2) untreated (control). The presence of MMP-3 was measured using a colorimetric assay system (QuantiSir™, Epigentek, USA). Additional cryo-fractured dentine fragments were processed for immunohistochemical identification of MMP-3 under FEI-SEM. Casein-zymography was used to investigate MMP-3 activity. MMP-3 detected level was 2.732ng/μL in partially demineralised dentine powder, whilst it increased to 3.280ng/μL in mineralised dentine. The FEI-SEM analysis revealed positive immunolabelling patterns for MMP-3, predominantly localized on the intertubular collagen fibrillar network showing MMP-3 directly or indirectly bound to the collagen fibrils. Casein-zymograms showed positive proteolytic activity for MMP-3 in demineralised dentine powder. The results of the study clearly revealed the presence and distribution of MMP3 in human sound dentine. Whilst the...Continue Reading

  • References28
  • Citations27


  • References28
  • Citations27


Mentioned in this Paper

Casein allergenic extract
Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies, antineoplastic
SLC25A29 gene
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 Measurement

Related Feeds

Adhesion Molecules in Health and Disease

Cell adhesion molecules are a subset of cell adhesion proteins located on the cell surface involved in binding with other cells or with the extracellular matrix in the process called cell adhesion. In essence, cell adhesion molecules help cells stick to each other and to their surroundings. Cell adhesion is a crucial component in maintaining tissue structure and function. Discover the latest research on adhesion molecule and their role in health and disease here.