Jan 1, 1992

Immunohistochemical and biochemical characterisation of the expression of a human embryonal carcinoma cell proteoglycan antigen in human germ cell tumours and other tissues

European Journal of Cancer : Official Journal for European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) [and] European Association for Cancer Research (EACR)
M Mason, M F Pera

Abstract

In the embryonal carcinoma (EC) cell line GCT 27, monoclonal antibody GCTM-2 recognises an epitope on a 200 kD pericellular matrix keratan sulphate proteoglycan. Immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated staining of tissue sections from 21 out of 22 human non-seminomatous germ cell tumours, and from 22 out of 28 sections of seminomas. In normal human fetal tissues gut epithelium and muscle stained strongly, and certain other epithelia stained moderately. In adult tissues, the distribution of the epitope was similar, but staining intensity was weaker. Neoplastic tissues showed reactivity with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and colorectal carcinoma, but no other non-germ cell tumours. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that GCTM-2 also stained cell lines from human colorectal carcinoma, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and choriocarcinoma. In contrast to EC cells the epitope in these other cell types required permeabilization of the cells to be visualised, and the protein bands in immunoblots lacked extensive modification with keratan sulphate and were smaller. Thus, GCTM-2 reacts with an epitope which has a previously unrecognised tissue distribution; its expression as a pericellular matrix proteoglycan is predominantly a characteristic...Continue Reading

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