Nov 20, 1998

Immunohistochemical profile of basic fibroblast growth factor and heparan sulphate in adult rat mandibular condylar cartilage

Archives of Oral Biology
Y TajimaS Yokose

Abstract

Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and heparan sulphate (HS) were detected immunohistochemically in mandibular condylar cartilage, and the findings compared with those on epiphyseal articular cartilage. In the condylar cartilage, both bFGF and HS were localized in chondrocytes throughout the various zones including the fibrous, proliferative, mature-cell and hypertrophic zones: bFGF immunostaining was most significant in the proliferative and mature-cell zones, while intense staining for HS was found mainly in the hypertrophic zone. Immunoreaction for bFGF was detected in the nuclei of chondrocytes, whereas HS staining was observed in the cytoplasm. In articular cartilage, only chondrocytes beneath the superficial zone (intermediate zone) demonstrated both bFGF and HS immunoreactivities. Chondrocytes in the deeper calcifying region of the articular cartilage did not immunoreact for either bFGF or HS. These findings suggest that, in contrast to the epiphyseal articular cartilage, a continuous bFGF-mediated remodelling of cells and matrix takes place in mandibular condylar cartilage during the process of endochondral ossification.

Mentioned in this Paper

Mandible
Endochondral Ossification
FGF2 gene
Protoplasm
Structure of Articular Cartilage
Hypertrophy
Chondrocyte
Immunocytochemistry
Entire Articular Cartilage
Hypertrophic Disorder of Skin, Unspecified

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.