Jun 21, 2015

Immunomodulatory polymeric scaffold enhances extracellular matrix production in cell co-cultures under dynamic mechanical stimulation

Acta Biomaterialia
Kyle G BattistonJ Paul Santerre

Abstract

Despite the importance of immune cells in regulating the wound healing process following injury, there are few examples of synthetic biomaterials that have the capacity to push the body's immune cells toward pro-regeneration phenotypes, and fewer still that are designed with the intention of achieving this immunomodulatory character. While monocytes and their derived macrophages have been recognized as important contributors to tissue remodeling in vivo, this is primarily believed to be due to their ability to regulate other cell types. The ability of monocytes and macrophages to generate tissue products themselves, however, is currently not well appreciated within the field of tissue regeneration. Furthermore, while monocytes/macrophages are found in remodeling tissue that is subjected to mechanical loading, the effect this biomechanical strain on monocytes/macrophages and their ability to regulate tissue-specific cellular activity has not been understood due to the complexity of the many factors involved in the in vivo setting, hence necessitating the use of controlled in vitro culture platforms to investigate this phenomenon. In this study, human monocytes were co-cultured with human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (VSMC...Continue Reading

  • References57
  • Citations4

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
Study
In Vivo
Immunomodulators
Dispense as Written
ELN gene
Muscle Tensile Strength
Immune Effector Cell
Regulation of Macrophage Activation
Glycosaminoglycans

Related Feeds

Adult Stem Cells

Adult stem cells reside in unique niches that provide vital cues for their survival, self-renewal, and differentiation. They hold great promise for use in tissue repair and regeneration as a novel therapeutic strategies. Here is the latest research.