Immunonutrition: the role of carbohydrates

Nutrition
J A Vanderhoof

Abstract

The major role for carbohydrates in the diet is for the provision of energy. Most non-energy-related effects of carbohydrates can be related to short-chain fatty acid production or other effects of bacterial fermentation in the colon. More complex or slowly absorbed carbohydrates may also reduce glycemic index and insulin production and therefore may have a less profound effect on modification of lipid metabolism. Certain carbohydrates may promote fermentation in the colon, increasing short-chain fatty acid production and may alter bacterial flora in the small bowel and colon. Increased insoluble fiber will increase fecal bulk. Further immunomodulary effects of carbohydrates have had little attention in the literature. This would be a potential opportunity for further investigation.

References

Feb 1, 2003·Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods·Li-Chun Pan, Chih-Ching Chien
Aug 31, 2017·Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry·Sunil Tulshiram Hajare, Genene Bekele
Mar 20, 2020·Nutrition & Metabolism·Jian-Sheng Kang

Citations

May 1, 1976·Lancet·H TrowellD J Jenkins
May 22, 1976·Lancet·E W Godding
Mar 1, 1989·JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·S A KripkeJ L Rombeau
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Related Concepts

Carbohydrate nutrients
Dietary Carbohydrates
Small Intestinal Wall Tissue
Roughage
Fermentation
Oligosaccharides
Fatty Acids
Intestines
Lipid Metabolism
Lipid Metabolism Pathway

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