Jun 26, 2015

Immunoregulatory Pathways Involved in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Gabriela Fonseca-Camarillo, Jesús K Yamamoto-Furusho

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) include ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The immune response in ulcerative colitis is different from the Crohn's disease. Accumulating evidence suggests that IBD results from an inappropriate inflammatory response to intestinal microbes in a genetically susceptible host. Several immunoregulatory abnormalities have been reported in patients with IBD, including the ratio of proinflammatory (tumor necrosis factor alpha, IL-6, IL-1-β) to immunoregulatory cytokines (IL-10, TGF-β, IL-35) and selective activation of T-helper (Th) lymphocyte subsets (Th1, Th2, Th9, Th17, and regulatory T cells). The purpose of this review is to show the immunoregulatory pathways (regulatory cells and cytokines) involved in IBD published in recent years.

  • References50
  • Citations17

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