Jan 1, 1996

Immunoregulatory properties of growth hormone and prolactin

Pharmacology & Therapeutics
D A Weigent


Reciprocal communication between the neuroendocrine and immune systems is critical to the establishment of host homeostatic and defence mechanisms. The production and utilisation of common ligands and their receptors by cells of the immune and neuroendocrine systems constitutes a biochemical information circuit between and within the immune and neuroendocrine systems. Although the structures of the various signalling components appear to be similar in both systems, the regulation of their synthesis may be different. Growth hormone and prolactin have similar and marked influences on the function/activity of each of the major immune cell types, both in vitro and in vivo. The underlying molecular mechanisms are just beginning to be unravelled, and it is anticipated that further work in this rapidly developing field will establish abnormal pituitary and/or lymphocyte growth hormone and prolactin synthesis and function as a contributory factor to a number of pathologic situations, including leukaemia and autoimmunity.

  • References179
  • Citations37

Mentioned in this Paper

Immune System
Growth Hormone Activity
Pituitary Diseases
Neurosecretory Systems
PRL gene
Pituitary Hormonal Agents
Autoimmune Diseases
Growth Hormone Measurement
Prolactin Measurement

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