Optical Aberration Correction via Phase Diversity and Deep Learning

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. P. KrishnanLoic Alain Royer

Abstract

In modern microscopy imaging systems, optical components are carefully designed to obtain diffraction-limited resolution. However, live imaging of large biological samples rarely attains this limit because of sample induced refractive index inhomogeneities that create unknown temporally variant optical aberrations. Importantly, these aberrations are also spatially variant, thus making it challenging to correct over wide fields of view. Here, we present a framework for deep-learning based wide-field optical aberration sensing and correction. Our model consists of two modules which take in a set of three phase-diverse images and (i) estimate the wavefront phase in terms of its constituent Zernike polynomial coefficients and (ii) perform blind-deconvolution to yield an aberration-free image. First, we demonstrate our framework on simulations that incorporate optical aberrations, spatial variance, and realistic modelling of sensor noise. We find that our blind deconvolution achieves a 2-fold improvement in frequency support compared to input images, and our phase-estimation achieves a coefficient of determination (r^2) of at least 80% when estimating astigmatism, spherical aberration and coma. Second, we show that our results mostl...Continue Reading

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