Immunostick Test for Detecting ζ-Globin Chains and Screening of the Southeast Asian α-Thalassemia 1 Deletion

Biological Procedures Online
Supansa PataWatchara Kasinrerk


Couples who carry α-thalassemia-1 deletion are at 25% risk of having a fetus with hemoglobin Bart's hydrops fetalis. Southeast Asian deletion (--(SEA)) is the most common type of α-thalassemia 1 among Southeast Asian populations. Thus, identification of the (--(SEA)) α-thalassemia 1 carrier is necessary for controlling severe α-thalassemia in Southeast Asian countries. Using our generated anti ζ-globin chain monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) clones PL2 and PL3, a simple immunostick test for detecting ζ-globin chain presence in whole blood lysates was developed. The procedure of the developed immunostick test was as follows. The immunostick paddles were coated with 50 μg/mL of mAb PL2 as capture mAb, or other control antibodies. The coated immunostick was dipped into cocktail containing tested hemolysate at dilution of 1:500, 0.25 μg/mL biotin-labeled mAb PL3 and horseradish peroxidase-conjugated streptavidin at dilution of 1:1000. The immunostick was then dipped in precipitating substrate and the presence of ζ-globin chain in the tested sample was observed by the naked eye. Upon validation of the developed immunostick test with various types of thalassemia and normal subjects, 100% sensitivity and 82% specificity for detection of th...Continue Reading


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