PMID: 3537615Jan 1, 1986Paper

Immunotherapy in the poisoned patient. Overview of present applications and future trends

Medical Toxicology
J B Sullivan


Immunotherapy for reversal of toxicity due to poisons and drugs is not new. However, refinements in antibody isolation and purification as well as the advancement of hybridoma technology and recombinant DNA biotechnology has led to a new generation of immunotherapeutic and diagnostic agents. The advent of monoclonal antibody technology in 1975 heralded the new age of immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology. Monoclonal antibodies designed for a specific antigen resolved the problem of polyclonality and cross-reactivity of traditional antibodies. Along with the production and isolation of active antibody fragments from both polyclonal and human monoclonal sources, as well as the ability to tailor-make chimeric antibodies by recombinant biotechnology, the development of novel immunotherapeutic agents has taken place. Two immunotherapeutic modalities, digoxin-specific antibody fragments (Fab) and snake antivenin, have been available for the clinician's armamentarium for years. Along the same lines of anti-digoxin Fab development, application of newer antibody isolation technology has led to a purified IgG(T) antibody for snake venom poisoning which is still in the developmental stages. Potential future developments in immunotherape...Continue Reading


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