Impact of Adult Sons' Incarceration on African American Mothers' Psychological Distress

Journal of Marriage and the Family
Kerry M GreenH S Juon

Abstract

This longitudinal study examines the effect of sons' incarceration on their mothers' psychological distress. Interviews were conducted over the life course with a community cohort of African American mothers who had children in first grade in 1966 - 1967 when the study began (N = 615). Thirty years later, their sons had significant rates of incarceration (22.4%). Structural equation modeling showed that the more recent the incarceration, the greater the mothers' psychological distress, even controlling for earlier socioeconomic status and psychological well-being. Financial difficulties and greater burden of grandparenting are associated with having a son incarcerated and they mediate the relationship between the incarceration and a mother's psychological distress. Results suggest that incarceration has important effects on family members' well-being.

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Citations

May 7, 2019·Public Health Reports·Christopher WildemanHedwig Lee
Mar 13, 2014·Maternal and Child Health Journal·Dora M DumontJennifer G Clarke
Nov 28, 2019·Journal of Health and Social Behavior·Alyssa W Goldman
Nov 28, 2008·Maternal and Child Health Journal·Paula BravemanMoreen Libet
Oct 21, 2015·Research on Aging·K PillemerMegan Gilligan
May 7, 2015·BMC Public Health·Fiona G KouyoumdjianFlora I Matheson
Jul 25, 2015·Journal of Marriage and the Family·Megan GilliganK Pillemer
Jan 1, 2014·The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science·Hedwig LeeMegan Comfort
Jan 1, 2016·The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science·Megan Comfort
May 6, 2009·Journal of Health and Social Behavior·Kate FothergillH S Juon
Jan 18, 2014·American Journal of Public Health·Hedwig LeeJames S Jackson
Jan 18, 2011·American Journal of Epidemiology·Christopher Wildeman
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Sep 13, 2016·Journal of Marriage and the Family·J J SuitorK Pillemer
Jun 1, 2010·Journal of Marriage and the Family·D UmbersonCorinne Reczek

Related Concepts

Longitudinal Studies
African American
Cohort
Structural Equation Model
Psychological Distress

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